"I couldn't find the sports car of my dreams, so I built it myself"

- Ferdinand Porsche

Porsche 996 Facts

Porsche 996
2002 Porsche 996 Carrera 4S
Manufacturer Porsche
Also called Porsche 911
Porsche Carrera
Production 1997-2005
Assembly Stuttgart, Germany
Predecessor Porsche 993
Successor Porsche 997
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout Rear engine, rear wheel drive / all wheel drive
Engine(s) 3.4 L H6
3.6 L H6
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 92.6 in (2352 mm)
Length 174.5 in (4432 mm)
4S & Turbo: 174.6 in (4435 mm)
Width 1999-2001: 69.5 in (1765 mm)
2002-04: 69.7 in (1770 mm)
4S & Turbo: 72.0 in (1829 mm)
Height 51.4 in (1306 mm)
4S & Turbo: 51.0 in (1295 mm)
40th Anniversary Coupe: 50.2 in (1275 mm)
GT2: 50.2 in (1275 mm)
Curb weight 2,920 lb (1,320 kg)
Designer Harm Lagaay

The Porsche 996 is the internal designation for the Porsche 911 model manufactured and sold between 1998 and 2005. It has since been replaced by the Type 997. Both body styles were used in 2005, depending on model. At its debut, the 996 featured the most significant changes to the Carrera model since its 1963 introduction. Most important among these is the water-cooled engine, replacing the previously air-cooled engines. More stringent noise regulations and higher customer expectations for both refinement and a higher performance 4 valve per cylinder engine made the switch necessary. The 996 Carrera (not GT2, GT3 and Turbo models) engine is designed with what Porsche calls "integrated dry sump oiling". This "integrated dry sump" engine does not have an oil scavenge pump in the crankcase to pump the engine oil to a separate holding tank outside the crankcase as a true dry sump design would have. The only scavenge pumps in the 996 engine are in the camshaft boxes and the oil is pumped from there to the bottom of the crankcase as it would be in any "wet sump" engine. Other changes include a sleeker body with a more steeply raked windshield and a re-designed interior.

With these differences in mind, many "purists" consider the 996 to be an altogether different car since it is not air-cooled like the 993 and its predecessors all the way to the 356, at least in spirit, than the Carreras that preceded it, as opposed to being a development of the original.

Design

Porsche 996 with aero kit

 

The Porsche 996 was an all new design; the first new 911 that didn't carry over a significant component from a previous variant. All new body work, interior and drive-train including the first water-cooled engine in a 911. The Porsche 996 replaced thePorsche 993.

The first 996s were available as a coupe or cabriolet with either rear wheel or four-wheel drive and a 3.4 litre flat-6 normally aspirated engine producing 296 bhp (224 kW). These cars had the same front end as the 1996 Porsche Boxster. Porsche Carrera owners complained loudly and long about the "lower priced car that looked just like theirs did ", hence the headlight change for the Boxster. The design for the "fried egg" headlamp could be traced all the way back to the Porsche Panamericana concept car.

In 2000, Porsche debuted the 996 Turbo, equipped with four-wheel-drive and a 3.6 litre, twin turbocharged and intercooled flat-six producing 420 bhp (309 kW), making the car capable of 4.2 second 0 to 60 mph times. An X50 option which included larger turbochargers and intercoolers along with revised engine control software became available from the factory in 2002, increasing power to 450 hp (336 kW). Porsche produced a Turbo S in 2005, which was equipped with the 489 bhp unit also seen in the 996 GT2, alongside the formerly optional Carbon fibre-reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/SiC) composite ceramic brakes (PCCB) as standard equipment.

In 2002, the standard models underwent minor re-styling, which included switching to the Turbo-style headlamps and to a new front fascia. These were sometimes known as the Mk2 generation of the 996, or the 996.2. In addition, engine capacity was also increased to 3.6 litres across the range, yielding gains of 20 horsepower (15 kW) for the non-Turbo models. 2002 also marked the start of the production of the 996 based Targa, featuring a sliding glass "green house" roof system like its Type 993 predecessor. Also in 2002, the Carrera 4S model was first introduced. The C4S as it is commonly called, shares the widebody look of the Turbo as well as the brakes and suspension.

GT variants

996 GT3 (1999)

 

996 GT3 (2004)

 

996 GT3 RS (2003)

 

The 996 platform was used as the basis for two lightweight GT variants called GT2[1] and GT3. The GT3 was based on the standard 996 Carrera, but was stripped of a great deal of equipment for weight savings, featured stiffer, adjustable suspension and upgraded brakes, and used the bodyshell of the four-wheel-drive version, which incorporated additional front-end stiffening. It was produced in two versions. The first, commonly referred to as the Mk.I GT3, was released in 1999 in all markets, save North America. It featured a naturally aspirated version 3.6L flat six making 360 bhp (270 kW). This engine was shared with the 996 Turbo and was a derivative of the Le Mans winning engine developed for the 911 GT1. The Mk.II GT3 variant was based on the second generation of the 996, and featured updated aerodynamics, and a more powerful version of the 3.6L engine from the MK.I, now producing 380 bhp (280 kW). The Mk.II was the first GT3 marketed in the North America. In a 2004 testing of the Mk.II GT3, the car accelerated 0-60 mph in 4.0 seconds, and produced 1.03 g on the skidpad, the second highest number ever recorded by a street legal automobile.

Also its counterpart, the GT2, was RWD to save weight and to avoid power losses through the transmission.[2] It received an added group of aerodynamic body parts, and a re-tuned version of the 996 Turbo's 3.6 litre, twin turbocharged engine featuring larger turbochargers and intercoolers, revised intake and exhaust systems, and re-programmed engine control software. The result was 489 hp (365 kW) and 484 lb·ft (656 N·m) of torque respectively, enough to launch the car from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.9 seconds and to a top speed of 198 mph (319 km/h). Bigger wheels and tires along with lightweight ceramic brakeswere standard.[2] The GT2's fixed rear wing (made of CFRP for the post-2003 cars) appears to be a concession to racing rules that usually outlaw moving aerodynamic devices.[2] It had no rear seat and no air conditioning.[2] Both cars were available only with six-speed manual transmissions.

The Turbo, GT2 and GT3 models use the Aluminum crankcase of the air-cooled 911 with its true dry sump oiling system. The six separate individual Nikasil lined cylinders in this engine are covered with two separately installed water jackets each covering a bank of 3 cylinders on each side of the engine, thus adding water cooling to a crankcase originally designed for air-cooled cylinders (the normal 996 Carrera engine has the cylinders and water jackets cast together with the crankcase). This engine is very similar to that of the Le Mans winning Dauer Porsche 962 and Porsche GT1 racing car's engines.

Evolution

The 99/00/01 cars are all basically the same. 2002 brought a stiffer body which improved safety and handling. They also added seat belt pretensioners. The Tiptronic in 2000 was modified to allow it to enter manual mode by clicking the steering wheel mounted buttons. The Tiptronic would go back to auto mode after 8 seconds. The 2002 cars received the 996 turbo Tiptronic box which is stronger, shifts faster and had 250 shift modes. 2002 cars also received a 3.6L engine which provided an extra 20 bhp (15 kW). It also had some improved parts helping with some reliability issues on the 3.4L engines. The X74 suspension which lowers and stiffens the car was also available as a 2002+ factory modification. Meanwhile, Variocam Plus had become standard for every 996 till production ended.

Special editions

Porsche offered a special edition of the 996 for the year 2000. The company introduced the car as "The 911 for the Millennium" and based it on the Carrera 4  coupe. Only 911 were made.

This special edition was finished in Violet Chromaflair paint with natural leather interior and dark burr maple trim. Available with a Tiptronic or six-speed manual gearbox, the car was well-equipped. A number plate on the center console and a unique "911" badge on the engine lid and lettering on the door sills make this special edition easy to identify.

Porsche celebrated the 911's 40-year history in 2003, using the slogan, "40 Jahre 911/40 Fast Years". The company also introduced the 996 "40th Anniversary Edition" for model year 2004. This model has the 996 Turbo's front-end, and was available only in Carrera GT Silver exterior paint. Other unique features included: X51 power kit, turbo radiators, limited slip differential, sport suspension, polished 5-spoke alloys (unique to this model), GT3 side skirts, natural gray leather interior (with luggage set to match), sports seats (there was a power comfort seat option), polished exhaust tips, heated seats, litronic bi-xenon headlights, special dynamic sealed panels, and a special "40 Jahre 911" logo on the back. The power was increased from 316 to 345 hp (257 kW). Only 1,963 units were made, to commemorate 1963—the year the 911 was introduced.

Statistics

Model Horsepower, Engine 0-60 mph acceleration Top Speed
911 Carrera 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.9 s 177 mph (285 km/h)
911 Carrera 4 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.0 s 177 mph (285 km/h)
911 Carrera 4S 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.1 s 174 mph (280 km/h)
911 "40 Jahre" 345 hp (257 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.7 s 182 mph (293 km/h)
911 Targa 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.2 s 174 mph (280 km/h)
911 Turbo 420 hp (313 kW) @ 6000 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 3.9 s 189 mph (304 km/h)
911 Turbo X50 450 hp (336 kW) @ 6000 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 3.8 s 192 mph (309 km/h)
911 Turbo S 489 hp (365 kW) @ 5700 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 3.8 s 197 mph (317 km/h)
911 GT3 381 hp (284 kW) @ 7400 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.5 s 190 mph (310 km/h)
911 GT3 RS 381 hp (284 kW) @ 7400 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.5 s 190 mph (310 km/h)
911 GT2 489 hp (365 kW) @ 5700 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 3.9 s 198 mph (319 km/h)
911 Turbo Cabriolet 420 hp (313 kW) @ 6000 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.3 s 189 mph (304 km/h)
911 Turbo S Cabriolet 489 hp (365 kW) @ 6000 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 4.0 s 190 mph (310 km/h)
911 Carrera Cabriolet 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.2 s 177 mph (285 km/h)
911 Carrera 4 Cabriolet 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.3 s 177 mph (285 km/h)
911 Carre998ra 4S Cabriolet 316 hp (236 kW) @ 6800 rpm, 3.6L dry-sump 5.3 s 174 mph (280 km/h)

All specifications stated are for the MkII, EU spec 996's.

Police car

In 2007, a motorist's 2001 Porsche 911 was searched during a traffic stop by Hoover, Alabama police, then police department seized the vehicle after the Hoover police found 10 kilograms of cocaine hidden inside two compartments. Since then the vehicle was redecorated with a wing, light bar, and rear window lights.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 as Hoover Police Department police car.

See also

References

  1. ^ "First Drive: 2002 Porsche 911 GT2". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  2. "Porsche 911 GT2 - Car News"Car and Driver. March 2001. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
  3. Ramsey, Jonathon (2009-02-24). "Alabama Slammer: Seized Porsche 911 becomes newest member of Hoover PD". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
  4. "Hoover, Alabama police unveil newest fleet addition - a Porsche 911". Blog.al.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.

External links

 

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