"I couldn't find the sports car of my dreams, so I built it myself"

- Ferdinand Porsche

Porsche Panamera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Porsche Panamera (970)
2010 Porsche Panamera 4S (US)
Manufacturer Porsche AG

April 2009–present

25,000+ Produced(Early August 2010)
Assembly LeipzigGermany
Class Full size luxury car
Body style(s) 5-door liftback[1][2][3], Gran Turismo[4]
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive or
four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 3.6 L V6
4.8 L V8
4.8 L V8 Turbo
Transmission(s) 6-speed manual
7-speed ZF PDK dual clutch
Length 4,970 mm (195.7 in)
Width 1,931 mm (76.0 in)
Height 1,418 mm (55.8 in)
Kerb weight 1,870 kg (4,123 lb)
Porsche Panamera in front of the new Porsche Museum

The Porsche Panamera (Type number 970) is a four-door, four-seat luxury sedan with a coupe profile and a rear hatch.[3][5][6] [7] It isfront-engined with rear-wheel drive, with a four-wheel drive version also available.

The Porsche Panamera production model was unveiled at the 13th Auto Shanghai International Automobile Show in Shanghai, Chinaon April 2009.[8]

In September 2010, Porsche announced that it had produced over 25,000 Panameras in just one year of the car's arrival in the market, ahead of its initially-projected 20,000-vehicle figure. Over 22,518 have already been delivered to customers around the world, with the most popular market being the United States and the most popular vehicle in the range being the Panamera 4S.



[edit]Concept and description

The Panamera's name is derived, like the Porsche Carrera line, from the Carrera Panamericana race. Earlier prototypes and concepts of the four-door saloons, such as the 1991 Porsche 989 prototype, the four-door 911 based prototype, and the C88 concept (asupermini sedan built in Germany and sold for China), never went into production.

The Panamera is generally considered to be the long-awaited fruit of Porsche's 989 concept from the late 1980s; some argue that it also presents itself as a successor to the two-door 928, but there may be plans to develop a new 928 as well.[9]

The Porsche Panamera and Panamera S are marketed as a direct competitor to full-size luxury sedan such as the BMW 7 Series andMercedes-Benz S-Class. The high performance Panamera Turbo competes in the ultra-luxury segment alongside "exotics" such as the Bentley Continental Flying SpurAston Martin Rapide, and Maserati Quattroporte, as well as the top-performing versions of flagship luxury sedans.[10][11] Similar vehicles to the Panamera include the BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo and Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class.

Like the Porsche Cayenne SUV (which has become the marque's best-selling vehicle), the Panamera upset many Porsche enthusiasts, since it was seen as an attempt to broaden Porsche's appeal beyond that of hardcore fans. The Panamera ran contrary to the company's signature offerings, particularly its light two-door rear-engine sports cars like the 911. The Panamera on the other hand is considered a full-size luxury car, weighing at nearly 4,000 pounds (1,800 kg), with four doors, and its V8 engine mounted in the front. The Panamera's unusual appearance with its long hood and bulbous rear hatch bears little resemblance to a stretched 911, although it does resemble the 911 from certain angles.[12] The iconic 911 has a sparse interior, as it was focused on raw performance, while the Panamera has a sumptuous interior loaded with modern technological amenity and expensive leather upholstery.[13] [10]


Engines are first assembled in Stuttgart, and the car's body is built and painted at the Volkswagen Group facility in Hannover. The final assembly of the vehicle takes place in Leipzig,Germany, alongside the Cayenne.[14]

Production began in April 2009, one month after its debut in the Shanghai Motor Show in China. Porsche will keep production rate at around 20,000 cars per year.[15]

Porsche has applied for patents on a four-door convertible version of the Panamera that keep the same general dimensions.[16]


On the 20 April 2007, a spy video of the Porsche Panamera became available on the Internet.[17]

In September 2008, Porsche released the first teaser image for the Panamera.[18] In early October 2008, an undisguised Panamera was captured on film in BusanSouth Korea.[19]

In November 2008, the first official image of the Panamera was leaked.[15]

On 28 November 2008, Porsche sent a mailer containing two photos of the Panamera which were labeled as "the first official images of the Porsche Panamera" with an invitation to have online access to via Porsche USA's website.[20]

The 30 November 2008 edition of Top Gear featured a look at the Panamera in its news section, with the three presenters critically comparing its looks to those of the Austin Maxi. On 21 May 2009 Richard Hammond and James May from Top Gear were seen driving the Panamera along the A30 in Devon. They were racing against a letter sent via Royal Mail between the Isles of Scilly and the Orkney Islands. This episode was broadcast on the BBC on 12 July 2009. Jeremy Clarkson reviewed the Porsche Panamera for an article with The Timesnewspaper and said, "Porsche plainly gave the job to a janitor". In his article, Clarkson rated the Panamera 2 out of 5 stars, claiming it "makes Quasimodo look like George Clooney".[21]

On 19 April 2009, Porsche finally unveiled the Porsche Panamera saloon to the public at the 2009 Shanghai Auto Show.[22] One of the highlights of the Panamera's debut was fitting the car in the freight elevator of the Shanghai World Financial Center and sending it to the skyscraper's 94th floor.[23]


The naturally aspirated versions of the Panamera have rear-wheel drive as standard, while the Turbo version includes standard four-wheel drive with Porsche Traction Management (PTM). A notable addition is the all-new ZF Friedrichshafen supplied and developed 7-speed 7DT-75 PDK dual clutch transmission.[24][25][26][27]

The V8-powered Panamera S and Panamera 4S, and Panamera Turbo were the first trims that debuted. Porsche debuted two further models on February 16, 2010: the Panamera and Panamera 4 which are both powered by 3.6-litre V6 engines producing 300 horsepower. The Panamera and Panamera S are rear-wheel drive, while the Panamera 4 has the same four-wheel drive system as the 4S and Turbo. Being derived from the V8 engine of the Panamera S and Panamera 4S, the V6 retains the V8's technologies like Direct Fuel Injection, infinitely-variable intake camshaft adjustment with variable valve lift (VarioCam Plus), an on-demand oil pump, water cooling with thermal management, a variable intake manifold, as well as integrated dry sump lubrication with two-stage extraction of oil and, and an Auto Start-Stop function (only with the PDK transmission). The 7-speed PDK dual-clutch transmission is standard on the Panamera 4, and as an option for the European-spec Panamera whose base transmission is a 6-speed manual. They will debut in the North American and European markets in June (following a release at the Beijing Auto Show in April 2010) with starting prices of $74,400 and $78,900 for the base and 4 models respectively, although the manual transmission is only available in Europe.[28]

The full lineup will include the Panamera base model, Panamera 4, Panamera S, Panamera 4S and Panamera Turbo.[29] US models include an engine start/stop system, and the Turbo version uses active aerodynamics with a multi-stage, adjustable rear spoiler.[30] All models of the Panamera avoid the U.S. gas guzzler tax.[31]


car model displacement &
max. motive power @ rpm max. torque @ rpm
Panamera 4
3.6 litre V6 300 PS (221 kW; 296 bhp) @ 6,200 400 N·m (295 ft·lbf) @ 3,750-4,250
Panamera S,
Panamera 4S
4.8 litre V8 400 PS (294 kW; 395 bhp) @ 6,500 500 N·m (369 ft·lbf) @ 3,500-5,000
Panamera Turbo 4.8 litre V8 twin turbo 500 PS (368 kW; 493 bhp) 700 N·m (516 ft·lbf) @ 2,250-4,500

[edit]Performance for a Panamera Turbo

  • Drag Coefficient: 0.30[32]
  • 0- 60 mph (97 km/h): 4.0 seconds[32]
  • 0- 100 mph (160 km/h) : 8.2 seconds [32]
  • 1/4 mile: 11.7 seconds @ 119 mph (192 km/h) [32]
  • Top Speed: 188 mph (303 km/h) [32]
  • Braking 70 mph (110 km/h) to 0 mph (0 km/h): 159 feet (48 m) [32]

Top speeds in gear:

Gear mph km/h rpm
7th 193 311 4450
6th 193 311 6100
5th 169 272 6600
4th 123 198 6600
3rd 84 135 6600
2nd 51 82 6600
1st 28 45 6600


The Panamera comes with the Porsche Traction Management (PTM), which is Porsche's name for its fully-controlled, four-wheel drive system. PTM is standard on both the Panamera 4S and the Panamera Turbo. Optional Sports Chrono Packages include a Sport Plus button, which has tighter damping and air springs, and lowers the car body by 25 mm (1.0 in).[33]

[edit]Hybrid variation

In 2008, Porsche AG announced the development of a parallel hybrid system for the Panamera.[34] According to Car and Driver, it may use a 3.6 litre V6 engine with a 34 kilowatts (46 hp) electric motor found in the Cayenne hybrid.[35]


Despite the differences in dimensions and design, a reviewer noted that the Panamera's driving dynamics were close to that of the 911, and it "seems to occupy the no-man's-land between really good sports sedans and proper sports cars", and so far the Panamera has won every comparison test against other four-door performance cars on the market such as the more expensive Maserati Quattroporte and Aston Martin Rapide.[36][37] Function was also praised, with the 15.7 cubic feet hatchback truck, and the four-corner adaptive air suspension that retained superior handling while also providing a comfortable ride for public roads. Edmunds stated that the Panamera was an innovative engineering feat that "makes a unique statement about the way that luxury transportation and serious high-performance potential can be mixed together in one car". [13] [10]

Unlike most of the V8-engined contemporaries, all models of the Panamera avoid the US gas guzzler tax. The Panamera S weights 400 pounds (180 kg) less than the 2011 BMW 550iwhich is 4,376 pounds (1,985 kg)[38]

The V6-powered Panamera was also praised, as its downsized engine still retained respectable acceleration[39], and as it had even better handling than its V8 siblings, due to the engine being lighter by 100 lb (45 kg) which gave the car better weight distribution.[40]

However, the CAR magazine of the U.K. described the S model not as sporty as they expected, which they blamed the car "oriented to comfort as it’s possible"[41] and called the Turbo model "a missed opportunity on behalf of Porsche" to be "the world’s first lightweight four seater" as the top model weighs as much as an Audi S8.[42]

The vehicle's styling on the other hand has not been well received. Top Gear in particular has been very critical of it ever since the first photos were shown, meanwhile evo has called the car "big and ugly."[43]

[edit]2010 recall

On 27 April 2010, Porsche announced the recall of all 2010 Panameras due to potentially faulty seatbelt mounts. It is claimed that the seatbelt mounts can possibly come undone if the front seats are set in the extreme forward position and the vehicle has an accident. So far, no actual incidents of this problem have been reported; rather, Porsche is issuing the recall as a precautionary measure.


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[edit]External links


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